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6 Major Types of Cardiovascular Disease

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Heart disease includes a range of conditions that affect the cardiovascular system. Learning more about the types of heart disease can increase awareness of symptoms and encourage early detection and prompt treatment. Seniors can face a variety of challenges as they age, many of which can be mitigated with the help of professional in-home caregivers who provide high-quality Home Care North Broward families trust in Home Care Assistance to help their elderly loved ones age in place safely and comfortably.

These six types of heart disease are particularly common among the elderly. 

1. Arrhythmia

An irregular heartbeat, also known as arrhythmia, occurs when the electrical impulses in the heart aren’t working properly. The condition can be congenital, or it may develop later in life. The symptoms of arrhythmia include dizziness, chest pain, fluttering sensations, and fainting. Common arrhythmia treatments include pacemakers, medical procedures, prescribed medicines, and surgery. 

2. Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure occurs when the heart pumps insufficient blood, resulting in fluid buildup in the lungs and body. The symptoms of this condition include swelling, shortness of breath, and impaired kidney function. Congestive heart failure requires immediate treatment, which may include surgery, a low-sodium diet, and prescription medicines.

Vascular dementia is a type of cognitive decline that results from insufficient blood flow to the brain. For dementia care North Broward, Florida, families can count on, reach out to Home Care Assistance. Our compassionate caregivers use revolutionary memory care programs to help seniors stave off the progression of dementia, and they can also assist with a wide variety of important everyday tasks, including bathing, grooming, exercise, and cooking.

3. Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) occurs when buildup in the arteries reduces blood flow to the extremities such as the lower legs. The symptoms of PAD include pain and reduced healing abilities in the affected part of the body, which can lead to gangrene or tissue death. Treatments for PAD are available, and a low-cholesterol diet is often recommended.

4. Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease is caused by buildup in the arteries that prevents blood flow and reduces blood circulation to the heart. Chest pain and heart attack are the most common symptoms of untreated coronary artery disease, but it can also cause heart failure and arrhythmia. 

Heart bypass surgery is often required to treat coronary artery disease. Other common treatments include medications, surgery, and lifestyle changes such as reducing fat intake.

5. Congenital Heart Disease

People who are born with an abnormal heart structure have congenital heart disease. Common treatments include prescription medications and surgery, but heart transplants are sometimes necessary. Anyone who is born with heart abnormalities should have regular checkups to maintain good heart health.

6. Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest is another name for a heart attack, which is caused by a variety of factors that range from genetics to lifestyle choices. People over the age of 65 should have regular examinations to detect and treat problems that can cause heart disease. Medications and surgery are common treatment options. Making healthier lifestyle choices and getting regular examinations are some of the best ways to prevent most types of heart disease.

Recognizing early heart disease symptoms allows seniors to seek immediate treatment for a better prognosis. Families who find it difficult to care for their aging loved ones without assistance can benefit greatly from professional respite care. North Broward, FL, family caregivers who need a break from their caregiving duties can turn to Home Care Assistance. Using our proprietary Balanced Care Method, our respite caregivers can encourage your loved one to eat well, exercise regularly, get plenty of mental and social stimulation, and focus on other lifestyle factors that promote longevity. Call 954-906-5161 and request a complimentary, no-obligation consultation.